of Computer Science
University of North Carolina at Wilmington
601 South College Road
Wilmington, North Carolina 28403
Ph.D., Duke University, 1994.
M.S., Duke University, 1990.
B.S., Summa Cum Laude, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and
Professor, University of North Carolina at Wilmington
Professor, Department of Computer Science at UNC-Wilmington (2015-present).
Chair of the Department of Computer Science at UNC-Wilmington (2017-2021).
Associate Professor, Department of Computer Science at UNC-Wilmington (2011-2015).
Assistant Professor, Department of Computer Science at UNC-Wilmington (2004-2011).
Professor at UNC-Wilmington (2004-present) in the Department of Computer Science at the University of North Carolina at Wilmington. Teaching and developing curriculum for undergraduate computer science education with an emphasis on innovative methodologies and educational technologies. Leading research in natural language processing, virtual humans, intelligent user interfaces, membrane computing, human-computer interaction, and philosophy of artificial intelligence.
Principal Investigator, Interactive Virtual Humans, RTI International
Principal Investigator at Research Triangle Institute (1995-2004) on a National Science Foundation Grant leading the development of interactive virtual humans with emotions that affect their body and facial gestures, decision-making, and language generation. Program leader of RTI’s AVAtalk® technology creating responsive, individual virtual humans (www.rvht.net). In an AVAtalk-enabled application, users carry on spoken conversation with a simulated person (an avatar) and see and hear realistic responses from the avatar.
Instructor and advisor in the Department of Computer Science at Duke University (1994-2004). Teaching includes two classes in Methodologies of Artificial Intelligence, a senior-level course, and Mind and Computers, a class in Duke’s exceptional Honors Program for incoming students. I have sponsored graduate students through DoD and NSF contracts and worked closely with graduate students as committee member and co-author of research publications.
Spoken Natural Language Dialog Systems
Research Engineer at Research Triangle Institute leading the development and integration of natural language dialogue into computer-based training and operational environments. Funded primarily by STRICOM’s ACT II Program, I led the development of a system that allows a trainee or mechanic to talk to a computerized assistant in a virtual reality environment during the diagnosis and repair of equipment. These systems have been implemented on a wide variety of platforms include off-the-shelf personal computers, wearable computers, hand-held computers, and high-end workstations. Specific project domains include maintenance of the M1A1 Abrams tank, orientation training for ship engineering officers, flight training, and point-of-sale tasks.
As Adjunct Assistant
Multimedia Tools for Education
Conducted research with Alan Biermann in the design of multimedia applications for teaching the relationships among fundamental concepts in Computer Science: machine architecture, assembly language, higher-level languages, and compilation. Worked on a team that created software that was used in Duke University Computer Science courses and made freely available over the internet.
Co-adviser to Amit Bagga (PhD 1998) and Joyce Chai (PhD 1998) on a large corpus text abstraction project at Duke University that investigates the automatic extraction of semantic network knowledge representations of free-form English text in an electronic news domain.
Designed and implemented a model of argumentation that exploits the relationship between high-level discourse phenomena and low-level syntactic phenomena in its processing of natural language utterances.
Conducted research in conjunction with IBM on developing sales advisory systems.
Conducted research with Terry Nutter (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University) in semantic networks. Ported a semantic network and deduction system (SNePS) to a Symbolics machine.
Association for Computing Machinery, 1988-present.
IEEE Computer Society, 2004-present.
Sigma Xi, member, 2006-present, Secretary of local chapter, 2006-present.
Association for Computational Linguistics, 2003-present.
International Association of Science and Technology for Development, 2006-present.
American Association for Artificial Intelligence, 2004-present.
Special Interest Group in Dialogue Systems, AAAI, 2004-present.
Discere Aude Award for Outstanding Mentorship of Undergraduate Students, UNCW.
“Circle of Champions” award from RTI for innovative marketing excellence.
James B. Duke Fellow, Duke University.
Golden Key National Honor Society.
Phi Beta Kappa.
Upsilon Pi Epsilon, Computer Science Honor Society.
Outstanding Lower Division Student, Department of Computer Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute
and State University.
Phi Eta Sigma.
Bronze Citizenship Award, Awarded by the Sons of the American Revolution.
Guinn, C.I., “Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language Processing for Advanced Tactical Decision-Making Immersive Training”, RTI International, $100,156, Funded. (start: September 16, 2019, end: December 24, 2021).
Guinn, C. I., "STENO: Mobile App for Classroom Discussion", University of North Carolina Wilmington, $9,974.00, Funded. (start: August 1, 2016, end: December 31, 2016).
Guinn, C. I. (Principal Investigator), Contract, "Mixed Initiative Spoken Dialogue Control", Honeywell, Inc., Private, $98,000.00, Awarded. (start: April 1, 2015, end: March 30, 2016).
Natural Language Processing for Longitudinal Exposure Data, RTI International, Original Source of Funds: Environmental Protection Agency, August 1, 2004 – March 31, 2008, $29,586.00.
Agent Based Computing Machine, Lexxle Inc. 2007-2008, $24,964.00.
CAS Summer Research Award,
Responsive Virtual Human Technology Research, National Science Foundation, #EIA-0121211, September 2001-August 2004, $ 2,042,547.00.
Journal articles and Book Chapters
Guinn, C. (2017). Runaway AI. Posthumanism: The Future of Homo Sapiens, MacMillan Reference, USA.
Link, M., Armsby, P., Hubal, R. and Guinn, C. (2006). Accessibility and acceptance of responsive virtual human technology as a survey interviewer training tool, Computers in Human Behavior 22(3):412-426.
Hubal, R., Kizakevich, P, Guinn, C., Merino, K, and S. West (2000). The Virtual Standardized Patient–Simulated Patient-Practitioner Dialogue for Patient Interview Training. In J.D. Westwood, H.M. Hoffman, G.T. Mogel, R.A. Robb, & D. Stredney (Eds.), Envisioning Healing: Interactive Technology and the Patient-Practitioner Dialogue (Studies in Health Technology & Informatics, v. 70). IOS Press: Amsterdam, 70:133-138.
Guinn, C. (1998) An Analysis of Initiative Selection in Collaborative Task-Oriented Discourse, User Modeling and User-adapted Interaction, Vol 8(3-4):255-314. Also published in Computational Models of Mixed-Initiative Interaction, editors, S. Haller, S. McRoy, and A. Kobsa, Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 89-148, 1999.
Biermann, A., Fahmy, A., Guinn, C., Pennock, D., Ramm, D., and P. Wu (1995). A Computer animated system for demonstrating hardware and software principles, Journal of Computing in Small Colleges, vol. 10, no. 3, p. 34.
Conference and Workshop Proceedings
Layman, L. M., Guinn, C. I., Song, Y. (April (2nd Quarter/Spring) 2020). Toward Predicting Success and Failure in CS2: A Mixed-Method Analysis. Tampa, FL: ACMSE 2020: The Annual ACM Southeast Conference.
Grimsman, A. , (Graduate), Kline, D. M., Vetter, R. J., Guinn, C. I. (April (2nd Quarter/Spring) 1, 2020). Literary Analysis Tool: Text Analytics for Creative Writers. Journal of Information Systems Applied Research, 13(1), 32-39. http://jisar.org/2020-13/n1/JISARv13n1p32.html
Schulze S., Pence T., Irvine N., Guinn C. (2019) The Effects of Embodiment in Virtual Reality on Implicit Gender Bias. In: Chen J., Fragomeni G. (eds) Virtual, Augmented and Mixed Reality. Multimodal Interaction. HCII 2019. Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol 11574. Springer.
Kline, D., Grimsman, A., Vetter, R. and Guinn, C. (2019) Literary Analysis Tool: Text Analytics for Creative Writers. In: Proceedings of the Conference on Information Systems Applied Research, v. 12, n. 5213, Cleveland, Ohio
Guinn, C., Singer, B., and A. Habash (2014) A Comparison of Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics in Spoken Language among Residents with Alzheimer’s Disease in Managed-Care Facilities, Proceedings of 2014 IEEE Symposium on Computational Intelligence in Healthcare and E-Health, IEEE, pp. 98-103.
Brown, R. and C. Guinn (2014) Developing Game-Playing Agents That Adapt to User Strategies: A Case Study, Proceedings of 2014 IEEE Symposium on Intelligent Agents, IEEE, pp. 51-56.
Guinn, C. and D. Palmer (2014) Human Perceptions of Altruism in Artificial Agents, Proceedings of 2014 IEEE Symposium Series on Intelligent Agents, IEEE, pp. 45-50.
Dunn, E., & Guinn, C. I. (2013) Computational Methods for Determining the Similarity between Ancient Greek Manuscripts, Proceedings of International Conference on Artificial Intelligence, CSREA Press, Athens, GA, pp. 496-502.
Guinn, C. I., & Habash, A. (2012) Language Analysis of Speakers with Dementia of the Alzheimer’s Type, AAAI Press, Vol. FS-120-01.
Komisin, M. and Guinn, C. (2012) Identifying Personality Types Using Document Classification Methods, Proceedings of the 25th International Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Society Conference (FLAIRS-25), AAAI Press.
Green, N. L., Guinn, C., and R. W. Smith (2012). Assisting Social Conversation between Persons with Alzheimer’s Disease and their Conversational Partners. Proceedings of the Third Workshop on Speech and Language Processing for Assistive Technologies, (part of NAACL-HLT 2012), Montreal, Canada, June 8, 2012, pages 37-46.
Guinn, C. I. and Daniel Rayburn-Reeves (2009). Remote Monitoring of Activity, Location, and Exertion Levels, Virtual Healthcare Interaction -- AAAI Fall Symposium, ed. By N. Green and D. Scott, Technical Report FS-09-97, pp. 20-27.
Guinn, C. I. (2009). A Hybrid AI Approach to the Classification of Emotive Text. Proceedings of 2009 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI’09), July 2009.
Rayburn-Reeves, D.. and C. Guinn (2008). Improving Upon Semantic Classification of Spoken Diary Entries Using Pragmatic Context Information, Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ICAI'08), July 2008.
Guinn, C., Shipman, W., and E. Addison (2008). The Parallelization of Membrane Computers to Find Optimal Solutions to Cost-Based Abduction, Proceedings of the 2008 International Conference on Genetic and Evolutionary Methods (GEM'08), July 2008.
Kline, D., Renninger, R, Sackley, W., Guinn, C., and G Scott (2008). An Information Technology Funding Process, Proceedings of CONISAR 2008, Phoenix, AZ, 2008; V.1 November.
Guinn, C., Bullard, B., Rahiminejad, R., Harris, E., Shipman, W. and E. Addison (2007). Using Membrane Computers to Find Optimal Solutions to Cost-based Abduction Parallel and Distributed Computing and Systems 2007, Editor: S.Q. Zheng, Cambridge, MA, USA.
C.I. and D. Rayburn-Reeves (2007). Monitoring Physical Exertion, Activity, and
Location Using a Spoken Diary and Heart Rate Monitor, Proceedings of 3rd
National Conference on Environmental Science and Technology,
Guinn, C., Crist, D, and H. Werth (2006). A Comparison of Hand-Crafted Semantic Grammars Versus Statistical Natural Language Parsing in Domain-Specific Voice Transcription, Proceedings of Computational Intelligence, Ed. B. Kovalerchuk, San Francisco, CA, pp. 490-495.
Guinn, C. and R. Hubal (2006). Augmented Transition Networks (ATNs) for Dialog Control: A Longitudinal Study. Proceedings of Computational Intelligence, Ed. B. Kovalerchuk, San Francisco, CA, pp. 507-512.
Guinn, C. and R. Hubal (2004). An Evaluation of Virtual Human Technology in Informational Kiosks, with R. Hubal, Proceedings of International Conference on Multimodal Interfaces (ICMI ’04), State College, PA.
Hubal, R., Guinn, C., Sparrow, D., Studer, E., Day, R. and W. Visscher, (2004) A Synthetic Character Application for Informed Consent, In Dialogue Systems for Health Communication: Papers from the 2004 Fall Symposium, ed. Timothy Bickmore, 58-63. Technical Report FS-04-04. American Association for Artificial Intelligence, Menlo Park, California.
Hubal, R., Guinn, C., Kizakevich, P., and G. Frank (2004) Psychologically plausible models that drive synthetic character behavior with applications for assessing interaction skills, Workshop on Cognitive Systems: Human Cognitive Models in System Design, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2004.
Guinn, C., Hubal, R., Frank, G., Schwetzke, H., Zimmer, J. Backus, S., Deterding, R., Link, M., Armsby, P., Caspar, R., Flicker, L., Visscher, W., Meehan, A., and H. Zelon (2004). Usability and Acceptability Studies of Conversational Virtual Human Technology, 5th SIGdial Workshop on Discourse and Dialogue, Boston, MA.
Hubal, R., Guinn, C., Frank, G., and R. Dupont (2004). Integrating a Crisis Stages Model into a Simulation for Training Law Enforcement Officers to Manage Encounters with the Mentally Ill, Architectures for Modeling Emotion: Cross-Disciplinary Foundations, Technical Report SS-04-02, pp. 68-69.
Armsby, P, Link, M., Hubal, R. Guinn, C. Flicker, L. and R. Caspar (2003). Accessibility and Acceptance of a Virtual Respondent-Based Interviewer Training Application, Survey and Statistical Computing IV. The Impact of Technology on the Survey Process.
Hubal, R. and C. Guinn (2003). Interactive Soft Skills
Training using Responsive Virtual Human Technology, Proceedings of the
Interactive Technologies Conference,
Guinn, C. and R. Hubal (2003). Extracting Emotional Information from the Text of Spoken Dialog, 9th International Conference on User Modeling, Johnstown, PA.
Guinn, C. and G. Frank (2003). Lessons learned in modeling schizophrenic and
depressed responsive virtual humans for training, Proceedings
of the 2003 International Conference on
Intelligent User Interfaces,
Kizakevich, P., Lux, L.,
Frank, G, Guinn, C., and R. Hubal (2002). JUST-TALK: An Application of Responsive Virtual Human Technology, Proceedings of the 24th Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference.
Link, M., Armsby, P, Hubal, R, and C. Guinn (2002). A Test of Responsive Virtual Human Technology as an Interviewer Skills Training Tool. Proceedings of the 2002 Annual Conference of the American Association for Public Opinion Research, St. Petersburg.
Hubal, R., Frank, G, and C. Guinn
(2000). AVATALK Virtual Humans for
Training with Computer Generated Forces. Proceedings of the Ninth Conference on Computer Generated Forces. Institute for Simulation & Training:
Chai, J., Biermann, A., and C. Guinn (1999). Two Dimensional Generalization in Information Extraction, AAAI/IAAI, pp. 431-438.
Guinn, C. and J. Montoya (1997). Natural Language Processing in Virtual Reality Training Environments, in Proceedings of the 19th Interservice/Industry Training, Simulation and Education Conference.
Biermann, A., Guinn, C., Fulkerson, M., Keim, G., Liang, Z., Melamed, D., and K. Rajagopalan, (1997) Goal-Oriented Multimedia Dialogue with Variable Initiative, in International Symposium on Methodologies for Intelligent Systems, pp. 1-16.
Guinn, C. (1996). Mechanisms for Mixed-Initiative Human-Computer Collaborative Discourse, in Proceedings of the 34th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics, 1996.
Guinn, C. (1996) Mechanisms for Dynamically Changing Initiative in Human-Computer Collaborative Discourse, in Proceedings of the 1996 Human Interaction with Complex Systems Symposium.
Bagga, A., Chai, J., Biermann, A, Guinn, C., and A. Hui (1995). A Trainable System for the Extraction of Meaning from Text, in Proceedings of CASCON ’95.
Guinn, C. (1995) The Role of Computer-Computer Dialogues in Human-Computer Dialogue System Development, in Empirical Methods in Discourse Interpretation and Generation, Technical Report SS-95-06, The AAAI Press.
Biermann, A., Ramm, D., Guinn, C., Pennock, D., Fahmy, A, and P. Wu (1994). Visualizing Computation: Full Color and Motion Demonstration of Computer Mechanisms, Proceedings of the Fifth National Conference on College Teaching and Learning, Jacksonville, FL.
Biermann, A, Guinn, C., Fahmy, A., Pennock, D., Ramm, D., and P. Wu (1994). Teaching a Hierarchical Model of Computation with Animation Software in the First Course, '94 Bulletin, 26(1):295-9.
Guinn, C. (1993) A Computational Model of Dialogue Initiative in Collaborative Discourse, in Human- Computer Collaboration: Reconciling Theory, Synthesizing Practice, Technical Report FS-93-05, The AAAI Press.
Guinn, C. and A. Biermann (1993). Conflict Resolution in Collaborative Discourse, with Alan Biermann in Computational Models of Conflict Management in Cooperative Problem Solving, Workshop Proceedings from the 13th International Joint Conference on Artificial Intelligence, Chambery, France.
Biermann, A, Ramm, D, Fahmy, A., Guinn, C., and P. Wu (1993), The Visible Computer: A Fast Track to Understanding Computing, Proceedings of Twenty-Third Annual Conference of Frontiers in Education Conference: Renewing America’s Technology, Washington, DC, pp. 67-69.
Guinn, C. and A. Biermann (1993) A Computational Model of
Collaborative Discourse, with Alan Biermann in Collaborative Problem Solving: Theoretical Frameworks and Innovative
Systems, Workshop Proceedings from AI-ED 93 World Conference on Artificial
Intelligence in Education,
Biermann, A., Guinn, C., Hipp, D., and R. Smith (1993).
Efficient Collaborative Discourse: A
Theory and its Implementation, ARPA
Workshop on Human Language Technology,
Scholarly Magazine Articles
Guinn, C. (1999) Evaluating Mixed-Initiative Dialog, IEEE Intelligent Systems, Volume 14, Number 5, pp. 21-23, 1999.
Guinn, C. and J. Montoya (1998). Natural Language Processing in Virtual Reality, Modern Simulation and Training, pp. 44-55.
Guinn, C. (1994). Maximally Efficient Dialogue Mode Algorithm, in Knowledge-Based Systems, 7(4):277-8, December, 1994.
Guinn, C. (2004). Condensed General Science, Book
Chapter, in Pearson, Hattikudur, and Hunt eds., Condensed Knowledge,
Guinn, C. (2000). 2050: The Future of Artificial Intelligence, in Mental Floss, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp. 15-17.